Books by and about 2020 presidential candidates|
| Crippled America,|
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
by Cory Booker (2016)
| The Truths We Hold,|
by Kamala Harris (2019)
| Smart on Crime,|
by Kamala Harris (2010)
| Guide to Political Revolution,|
by Bernie Sanders (2017)
| Where We Go From Here,|
by Bernie Sanders (2018)
| Promise Me, Dad ,|
by Joe Biden (2017)
|Conscience of a Conservative,|
by Jeff Flake (2017)
| Two Paths,|
by Gov. John Kasich (2017)
|Every Other Monday,|
by Rep. John Kasich (2010)
|Courage is Contagious,|
by John Kasich (1998)
| Shortest Way Home,|
by Pete Buttigieg (2019)
| The Book of Joe ,|
by Jeff Wilser (2019; biography of Joe Biden)
by Michelle Obama (2018)
| Our Revolution,|
by Bernie Sanders (2016)
| This Fight Is Our Fight,|
by Elizabeth Warren (2017)
| Higher Loyalty,|
by James Comey (2018)
| The Making of Donald Trump,|
by David Cay Johnston (2017)
Books by and about the 2016 presidential election|
| What Happened ,|
by Hillary Clinton (2017)
| Higher Loyalty ,|
by James Comey (2018)
| Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,|
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
| Hard Choices,|
by Hillary Clinton (2014)
| Becoming ,|
by Michelle Obama (2018)
| Outsider in the White House,|
by Bernie Sanders (2015)
(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)
1994, 1996, 1997, and 1998 National Political Awareness Test, by Project Vote Smart
| OnTheIssues.org excerpts: (click on issues for details)
Jim Rubens: Legal availability but no state funding.
Catherine Hanaway: Waiting periods; parental notification; & other restrictions.
Charlie Crist: Prohibit partial-birth abortion.
Charlie Wilson: Legal abortion only for incest, rape, or life of woman.
Colin Bonini: No abortion funding; no partial-birth abortions.
Jay Nixon: Prohibit partial-birth abortion.
Jeff Merkley: Abortions should always be legally available.
John Bohlinger: Prohibit partial-birth abortion & funding abortion clinics.
John Kitzhaber: Abortions always legally available, & government funded.
Kenny Guinn: Prohibit partial-birth abortion; support Parental consent.
Mark Takano: Legal abortions in all circumstances in first trimester.
Matt Blunt: Abortions only for incest, rape, or maternal life.
Paul Sadler: No funding; no second trimester; no partial-birth.
Barack Obama: Supports Roe v. Wade.
George W. Bush: Encourage fewer abortions via adoption & abstinence.
Jeb Bush: Restrict abortions to incest, rape, & health.
John McCain: Restrict abortions; no partial-birth; no public funding.
Rick Lazio: First trimester abortion OK; partial birth not.
Tom Ridge: Allow abortions, with limits; no partial-birth.
Bev Perdue: Legal abortion in first trimester of pregnancy.
Bob Schaffer: Oppose taxpayer financed abortions; support waiting periods.
Brian Schatz: Abortions should be legally available, and funded.
Dean Barkley: Legal abortion in all circumstances in first trimester.
Kate Brown: Abortions should always be legally available.
Mary Landrieu: Supports right to choose & Roe v. Wade.
Steve Beshear: Supports Roe v. Wade.
Steve Sisolak: Keep abortion legal in first trimester.
Wayne Stenehjem: Supports waiting periods and parental notification.
Bob Smith: Abortions limited to endangered mother.
Dennis Kucinich: Life begins at conception.
Lamar Alexander: Abortion is wrong - let states restrict it.
Nancy Farmer: Make abortions legally available including funding.
Harry Browne: The federal government should have no role in the matter.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Legal abortion in all first-trimester circumstances.
Budget & Economy|
Larry Pressler: Priority to balance the federal budget and reduce taxes.
Colin Bonini: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
Ernie Fletcher: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
Jeb Bush: Supports constitutional balanced budget amendment.
John Bohlinger: Loans for businesses; funds for job training & rural roads.
George W. Bush: Tax financing of sports stadiums ok, after vote.
George W. Bush: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
John McCain: List of budgetary spending priorities.
John McCain: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
John McCain: Apply surplus to Social Security, Medicare, tax cuts & debt.
Bill Richardson: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
John Kasich: Require balanced budget; block grant everything to states.
Kate Brown: Fund infrastructure; start-up businesses; and job retraining.
Roy Cooper: Fund infrastructure, start-ups, and job re-training.
Bob Smith: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
Bob Smith: Fund more education, enviro, Medicare, & student loans.
Bob Smith: Block grants to states for most federal programs.
Harry Browne: Amendment: Limit spending to prior year’s revenue.
Harry Browne: Against block grants; repeal income tax instead.
Harry Browne: Priorities: cut budget; repeal income tax; pay off debt.
Jim Rubens: Prosecute discrimination but end affirmative action.
Catherine Hanaway: No affirmative action in state employment or contracting.
Catherine Hanaway: No same-sex marriage; no gay hate crime laws.
Charlie Crist: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
Charlie Wilson: Supports affirmative action for state agencies & colleges.
Colin Bonini: Don't recognize same-sex marriage.
Ed Perlmutter: Affirnative action needed at colleges but not state agencies.
Ed Perlmutter: No same-sex marriage, but allow equal benedifts.
Ernie Fletcher: No quotas for affirmative action.
Gary Johnson: No affirmative action in college admissions nor state jobs.
Jeff Merkley: Apply affirmative action to state hiring.
John Bohlinger: No anti-gay discrimination, but no same-sex marriage.
John Bohlinger: Undecided on affirmative action at state institutions.
John Kitzhaber: Maintain affirmative action in colleges & state hiring.
John Kitzhaber: Recognize same-sex marriages.
Kenny Guinn: Affirmative action in state contracts and colleges.
Kenny Guinn: Include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws.
Kenny Guinn: Opposes recognizing same-sex marriages.
Lois Frankel: Affirmative action in state hiring and college.
Mark Schauer: Supports affirmative action.
Matt Blunt: No affirmative action in state contracts nor colleges.
Matt Blunt: No same-sex marriage; no gay discrimination laws.
Mike Rounds: No affirmative action in state contracts nor colleges.
Newt Gingrich: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
Paul Sadler: No same-sex marriage; no hate crime definition for gays.
Paul Sadler: No affirmative action in state government decisions.
Robert Bentley: End affirmative action for colleges & state contracts.
Barack Obama: Supports affirmative action in colleges and government.
Barack Obama: Include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws.
George W. Bush: Against quotas; for affirmative reaching out.
George W. Bush: No gay anti-discrimination laws; no same-sex marriages.
Jeb Bush: Supports Affirmative Action; against quotas.
Jeb Bush: No hate-crimes status for gays; no gay marriage.
John McCain: Affirmative action OK for specific programs, but no quotas.
Tom Ridge: Opposes Affirmative Action.
Tom Ridge: No special gay laws; no gay marriage.
Evan Bayh: Continue affirmative action programs without quotas.
Jim Bunning: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
Michael Crapo: Continue affirmative action programs without quotas.
Jim McGreevey: Consider race and sex in making state contract decisions.
Bev Perdue: Increase efforts to integrate state colleges.
Bev Perdue: Don’t include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws.
Bill Richardson: Supports minority preferences for government contracts.
Bill Schuette: No same-sex marriage; no LGBT anti-discrimination laws.
Bob Schaffer: No quotas; no federal affirmative action.
Dean Barkley: Supports federal affirmative actions programs.
Dino Rossi: Prosecute cases of discrimination in public & private sector.
Dino Rossi: No same-sex marriage; no orientation in anti-discrimination.
Kate Brown: Prosecute discrimination cases; support affirmative action.
Rick Weiland: Prosecute discrimination in both public & private sectors.
Rodney Davis: No affirmative action.
Steve Beshear: Supports affirmative actions programs.
Steve Sisolak: Don't recognize same-sex marriage.
Steve Sisolak: Prosecute against discrimination.
Steve Stockman: Affirmative actions programs only ok without quotas.
Wayne Stenehjem: No same-sex marriage; no hate-crime laws for gays.
Bob Smith: Supports school prayer.
Dennis Kucinich: Focus on jobs instead of pitting people against each other.
Lamar Alexander: Passionately advocates equal opportunity.
Nancy Farmer: Prosecute discrimination and fund desegregation.
Nancy Farmer: Recognize same-sex marriages.
Harry Browne: Federal govt should be color-blind.
Tim Johnson: Base affirmative action on income, not race.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Let gays serve in the military.
Colin Bonini: Fewer regulations; more low-interest business loans.
George W. Bush: More job training; R&D tax credits.
Steve Sisolak: Decrease business taxes and capital gains taxes.
Jim Rubens: Truth in sentencing: full sentence with no chance of parole.
Angus King: Opposes the death penalty.
Angus King: More prisons, but more alternative sentencing.
Catherine Hanaway: No parole for repeat felons; yes on death penalty.
Charlie Crist: Broaden use of federal death penalty.
Charlie Crist: More federal prisons; more “truth in sentencing”.
Charlie Wilson: Supports alternative sentencing & rehabilitation.
Colin Bonini: More state prisons; plus less parole.
Ed Perlmutter: Support the use of the death penalty.
Ed Perlmutter: Alternative sentencing for non-violent offenders.
Jay Nixon: Broaden use of death penalty; including drug traffickers.
Jay Nixon: Impose “truth in sentencing” for violent criminals.
Jeff Merkley: Opposes the death penalty.
Jeff Merkley: Increase rehabilitation & alternatives to incarceration.
John Bohlinger: Supports stricter sentencing, including death penalty.
John Kitzhaber: Oppose the death penalty.
John Kitzhaber: End parole for repeat violent felons.
Kenny Guinn: Supports the death penalty.
Kenny Guinn: End parole for repeat violent felons.
Lee Fisher: Expand the use of the death penalty.
Lee Fisher: More prisons; less parole for repeat violent felons.
Lois Frankel: Death penalty but also alternative sentencing.
Mark Takano: Mandatory life sentences and truth-in-sentencing.
Matt Blunt: Supports the death penalty.
Matt Blunt: More prisons; less parole.
Mike Rounds: End parole for repeat violent felons.
Paul Sadler: End parole for repeat violent felons.
Robert Bentley: Expand use of death penalty; limit appeals.
Robert Bentley: End parole for repeat violent felons.
Roger Wicker: Broaden use of the federal death penalty.
Roger Wicker: More prisons & more mandatory jail sentences.
Barack Obama: Supports alternative sentencing and rehabilitation.
George W. Bush: More prisons, privately built; more restitution.
George W. Bush: Stricter penalties for sex, drugs, & drinking offenses.
George W. Bush: Tort Reform: limits on lawsuit payments.
George W. Bush: Prosecute kids as adults; more boot camps.
Jeb Bush: Build more prisons; private contracts OK.
Jeb Bush: Alternative sentencing & rehabiliation acceptable.
Jeb Bush: Supports death penalty.
Jeb Bush: Stricter penalties for drug, sex, & gun offenses.
John McCain: Pro-death penalty; more prisons; increased penalties.
Rick Lazio: More prisons; stricter sentencing; death penalty.
Tom Ridge: More prisons; more death penalty.
Tom Ridge: Stricter penalties; less parole.
Evan Bayh: Broaden use of death penalty.
Evan Bayh: More prisons, more truth in sentencing.
Michael Crapo: Broaden use of death penalty.
Michael Crapo: More prisons, more truth in sentencing.
Jim McGreevey: Expand the death penalty & life sentences.
Jim McGreevey: Prosecute juveniles as adults; death penalty for 16-yr-olds.
Bev Perdue: Expand the use of the death penalty.
Bev Perdue: Support “truth in sentencing” & mandatory third-strike.
Bill Richardson: Impose “truth in sentencing” for violent criminals.
Bob Schaffer: Limit appeals on death row; sentence drug dealers to death.
Brian Babin: Broaden death penalty; more truth-in-sentencing.
Brian Schatz: End parole for repeat violent felons.
Dean Barkley: Limit death row appeals; death penatly for drug trafficking.
Dean Barkley: Supports truth-in-sentencing & victim restitution.
Dino Rossi: Truth-in-sentencing & mandatory life for 3rd strike.
Jeanne Shaheen: Broaden use of the death penalty.
Jeanne Shaheen: Require truth in sentencing.
Kate Brown: Supports community policing; opposes death penalty.
Mary Landrieu: Broaden death penalty; limit appeals.
Mary Landrieu: Impose “truth in sentencing” with no parole.
Nick Lampson: Supports truth in sentencing; prosecute youths as adults.
Nick Lampson: Capital punishment for drug traffickers; with limited appeal.
Pat Roberts: Broaden death penalty; limit appeals.
Pat Roberts: Impose “truth in sentencing” with no parole.
Rick Weiland: Truth in sentencing: full sentence with no chance of parole.
Rodney Davis: Expand death penalty; limit aappeals.
Rodney Davis: Mandatory life sentences for third-time felons.
Steve Beshear: Impose “truth in sentencing” for violent criminals.
Steve Beshear: Limit death penalty appeals; impose it for drug traffickers.
Steve Sisolak: More prisons; more death penalty; more mandatory minimums.
Ted Strickland: Alternative sentencing for adult first-time felons.
Alan Keyes: Supports capital punishment.
Bob Smith: Broaden use of death penalty; limit death row appeals.
Bob Smith: More prisons; more full sentences; more boot camps.
Bob Smith: Stricter visas & chemical tracing to fight terrorism.
Bob Smith: Prosecute juvenile murderers as adults.
Dennis Kucinich: Focus on prevention, not punishment.
Lamar Alexander: Supports Capital Punishment.
Nancy Farmer: No death penalty, more community policing.
Nancy Farmer: Mandatory sentencing, but fund rehabilitation & alternatives.
Harry Browne: Against capital punishment.
Harry Browne: Pardon non-violent drug offenders to free prison space.
Harry Browne: Against anti-terrorist laws, since the hurt the innocent.
Jack Reed: Truth in sentencing, COPS, more penalties & prevention.
Tim Johnson: Broaden use of death penalty.
Tim Johnson: Truth in sentencing for violent criminals.
Fred Thompson: Impose truth in sentencing for violent crime.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Supports truth-in-sentencing and death penalty.
Mark Neumann: Impose "truth in sentencing" legislation.
Catherine Hanaway: Stricter penalties for drug crimes, but rehab too.
Catherine Hanaway: Strengthen sentences for drug-related crimes.
Charlie Crist: More penalties against drugs; more funds for enforcement.
Charlie Wilson: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
Jay Nixon: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
John Bohlinger: Decriminalize medicinal marijuana.
John Kitzhaber: Decriminalize medicinal marijuana.
Mark Schauer: End mandatory minimum sentences for drug-related crimes.
Mark Takano: Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Matt Blunt: Strength penalties for drugs, especially meth.
Newt Gingrich: Increase penalties for illegal drugs.
Paul Sadler: Strengthen drug penalties; also strengthen rehabilitation.
Robert Bentley: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
Roger Wicker: Stricter penalties for selling illegal drugs.
John McCain: Stricter penalties; stricter enforcement.
Rick Lazio: Stricter penalties for drugs; more funding & border security.
Jim McGreevey: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
Bev Perdue: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
Bill Richardson: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Bob Schaffer: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Brian Babin: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Brian Schatz: Criminalize date-rape drugs as controlled substances.
Dean Barkley: Mandatory jail sentences for selling drugs.
Larry Pressler: Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Mary Landrieu: Capital punishment for drug traffickers.
Mary Landrieu: Require drug testing for federal employees.
Rick Weiland: More drug testing; more drug penalties.
Rodney Davis: Strengthen penalties associated with drug-related crimes.
Steve Beshear: More penalties; more testing; more drug war funding.
Steve Stockman: Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Alan Keyes: Increase penalties for selling drugs.
Bob Smith: More penalties & drug testing, more education & treatment.
Mark Warner: Increase penalties for illegal drugs.
Harry Browne: Govt has no Constitutional authority to prohibit any drugs.
Harry Browne: No funding anti-gang programs; end Drug War to end gangs.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: More penalties; more enforcement; more drug treatment.
Mark Neumann: More drug penalties; more anti-drug efforts.
Jim Rubens: Support charter schools & school choice.
Angus King: More teacher development; more school construction.
Angus King: Include both abstinence and safe sex in sex-ed.
Catherine Hanaway: State-funded vouchers for public & private schools.
Charlie Crist: Allow vouchers for any public, private or religious school.
Charlie Crist: Constitutional amendment for school prayer.
Charlie Wilson: More funding for teachers.
Colin Bonini: Vouchers for public, private, charters, & religious schools.
Colin Bonini: Endorses teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
Ed Perlmutter: Stress abstinence in sex education programs.
Ed Perlmutter: Increase teacher funding & school construction.
Ernie Fletcher: Guarantee right to prayer in public schools.
Ernie Fletcher: Supports vouchers & charter schools.
Gary Johnson: Favors charter schools as one priority to improve education.
John Bohlinger: More finds for hiring teachers & professional development.
John Bohlinger: Endorses teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
Kenny Guinn: Support charters & private investment in public schools.
Kenny Guinn: Sex ed should stress abstinence but also safe sex.
Lee Fisher: Encourage charters & corporate investment.
Matt Blunt: Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
Matt Blunt: Supports private investment in public schools.
Robert Bentley: Supports moment-of-silence and teacher spanking law.
Tommy Thompson: Teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
Barack Obama: Supports charter schools and private investment in schools.
Barack Obama: Free public college for any student with B-average.
George W. Bush: Bilingual ed; Corporate investment; Teachers Academies.
George W. Bush: For charter schools; public school choice; vouchers.
Jeb Bush: More funding for schools; merit pay for teachers.
Jeb Bush: Focus on abstinence; end social promotion.
Jeb Bush: Supports charter schools & vouchers.
John McCain: More block grants; more teacher testing; more prayer.
John McCain: Vouchers for any schools; more charter schools.
Rick Lazio: Teacher testing; merit pay; block grants for teachers.
Tom Ridge: Teacher-led voluntary prayer is OK.
Tom Ridge: State-wide student testing; teacher re-certification.
Tom Ridge: Vouchers for private & religious schools.
Evan Bayh: Undecided on School Prayer Amendment.
Jim Bunning: Supports School Prayer Amendment.
Michael Crapo: Supports School Prayer Amendment.
Bev Perdue: Supports character education & teacher-led voluntary prayer.
Bev Perdue: Supports charter schools & public school choice.
Bill Richardson: Provide parents with vouchers, even for religious schools.
Brian Babin: Amendment for moment of silence in schools.
Brian Babin: Vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
Dean Barkley: No amendment for school prayer; don’t legislate morality.
Dean Barkley: Supports charter schools & vouchers for public schools.
Dino Rossi: Encourage more charter schools & more corporate investment.
Jeanne Shaheen: Goals 2000: Maintain national standards.
Kate Brown: More state funds for low-income districts.
Larry Pressler: Support charters & vouchers; oppose Department of Education.
Mary Landrieu: Amendment to allow voluntary prayer in public schools.
Mary Landrieu: Supports vouchers and charter schools.
Rick Weiland: No Constitutional Amendment for voluntary prayer in school.
Rodney Davis: Vouchers for public, private, and religious schools.
Steve Stockman: Vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
Wayne Stenehjem: Supports charter schools; schools choice; & private funding.
Bob Smith: Public, private & parochial vouchers; plus charters.
Dennis Kucinich: Keep public education separate from private education.
Mark Warner: No school prayer amendment.
Nancy Farmer: Supports charter schools and privately-run schools.
Harry Browne: No School Prayer Amendment.
Harry Browne: Remove the federal government from education entirely.
Harry Browne: Repeal taxes so parents can afford any school they choose.
Jack Reed: No school prayer amendment.
Jack Reed: Supports charter schools and Goals 2000.
Tim Johnson: No school prayer amendment.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Supports national standards and National Service.
Energy & Oil|
John Bohlinger: Require clean-burning fuels; repeal electricity deregulation.
John McCain: Supports alternative fuels, emission controls, & CWA.
Gary King: Encourage cleaner burning fuels via tough standards.
Steve Sisolak: Encourage cleaner burning fuels; but not Yucca.
Bob Smith: Supports CWA, alternative fuels, & pollution credits.
Jim Rubens: Reduce & make more flexible state environmental regulations.
Catherine Hanaway: Self-audits for pollution instead of federal regulation.
Catherine Hanaway: Self-audits and cost analyses instead of federal regulations.
Colin Bonini: Suspend unfunded mandates for environmental protection.
Dan Webster: Reauthorize the Endangered Species Act.
John Bohlinger: Control SO2 emissions; fund recycling; no cyanide in mining.
Mike Rounds: Determine environmental regulations by cost/benefit analysis.
Mike Rounds: Allow private landowners to issue bounties for coyotes.
George W. Bush: Amend ESA; more flexibility; no unfunded mandates.
George W. Bush: Supports electric de-reg; pollution self-audits; recycling.
Jeb Bush: Let industries “self-audit”; compensate for “takings”.
Rick Lazio: More grazing & mining fees; promote pollution credits.
Tom Ridge: Let industries audit themselves & then clean up.
Tom Ridge: More flexibility in environmental regulation.
Brian Babin: Limit endangered species list; sell pollution credits.
Gary King: More recycling; more water & wildlife conservation.
John Kasich: Strengthen Clean Water Act; increase federal grazing fees.
Kate Brown: Supports watershed planning & reservoir drawdowns.
Larry Pressler: More fees for mining and ranching; use cost-benefit analysis.
Rick Weiland: Increase recycling; decrease pollution; strengthen CWA.
Roy Cooper: Toughen environmental permitting & quality mandates.
Steve Sisolak: Yes to cost/benefit analysis; no to Yucca.
Steve Stockman: Limit number of Endangered Species habitats.
Harry Browne: Protect environment via local trespassing laws.
Harry Browne: Sell public lands; repeal all environmental laws.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Moratorium on new solid waste incinerators.
Families & Children|
Paul Sadler: Supports abstinence education in schools.
Evan Bayh: Government cannot substitute for families.
Michael Crapo: Legislate to support values & responsibility.
Wayne Stenehjem: Supports sex-ed programs stressing abstinence.
Bob Smith: Against Ameri-Corps National Service Program.
Harry Browne: Repeal income tax so parents can afford education.
Jack Reed: Moral responsibility is the other side of rights.
John McCain: Pay dues to UN after UN reforms.
John McCain: Cuba: No diplomatic and trade relations.
Rick Lazio: Pay our UN debt.
Bill Richardson: US military force only when US territory attacked.
Brian Babin: Foreign aid should reflect US interests.
John Kasich: Phase out economic aid to Russia & others.
John Kasich: No diplomatic relations with Cuba nor Vietnam.
Larry Pressler: Pay our UN dues; continue economic aid to Russia.
Rick Weiland: Decrease foreign aid; review US-UN relationship.
Steve Stockman: No foreign aid to Russia, nor any country except for defense.
Bob Smith: No relations with Cuba & Vietnam; keep Radio Marti & others.
Bob Smith: Russia: link aid to reform.
Bob Smith: Foreign aid: only for disasters or US security interests.
Bob Smith: Retaliatory tariffs OK against Cuba, China.
Dennis Kucinich: Foreign aid for peace incentives, not conflict.
Mark Warner: UN participation & economic aid only when within US interest.
Harry Browne: Russia: No aid; no meddling; just free trade.
Harry Browne: Replace all government aid with free trade.
Harry Browne: Avoid arms trade; promote peace by free trade.
Harry Browne: End foreign aid to individual countries as well as agencies.
Harry Browne: Does not support funding US government radio overseas.
Harry Browne: UN has failed to bring world peace -- so withdraw.
Harry Browne: No import tariffs, regardless of human rights.
Charlie Crist: Opposes NAFTA; supports tariffs; opposes Fast Track.
Jay Nixon: Supports NAFTA & Fast Track; but also retaliatory tariffs.
Mark Takano: Raise tariffs on nations that discourage US imports.
Saxby Chambliss: Opposes NAFTA; supports retaliatory tariffs.
John McCain: Pro-NAFTA, pro-GATT, pro-MFN, pro-Fast Track.
Rick Lazio: Supports NAFTA; GATT; WTO; Fast-Track.
Rick Lazio: Supports retaliatory tariffs; human rights as MFN factor.
Bill Richardson: Supports NAFTA, GATT, & WTO.
Brian Babin: Opposes NAFTA and GATT.
John Kasich: Supports NAFTA and GATT.
Larry Pressler: Supports NAFTA, GATT, WTO, and MFN.
Nick Lampson: Opposes NAFTA, GATT, and the WTO.
Rick Weiland: Tariff to oppose trade barriers; trade based on human rights.
Steve Beshear: Opposes NAFTA; supports tariffs.
Steve Stockman: Opposes NAFTA, GATT, WTO, and MFN.
Bob Smith: Against NAFTA, GATT, & WTO.
Dennis Kucinich: Retaliatory tariffs yes; GATT no.
Mark Warner: Supports NAFTA, GATT, and WTO.
Mark Warner: Consider human rights record for MFN status.
Harry Browne: Cuba: Lift the trade embargo.
Harry Browne: Against NAFTA and WTO.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Open East Asian markets.
Angus King: Restrict and disclose all campaign donations & spending.
Catherine Hanaway: No term limits; but yes to state campaign funding.
Catherine Hanaway: Supports term limits but not contribution limits.
Catherine Hanaway: No campaign spending limits; no state funding of campaigns.
Charlie Crist: Supports term limits & instant contribution reporting.
Charlie Wilson: Supports public funding for political camapigns.
Colin Bonini: Supports term limits; opposes state campaign funding.
Ed Perlmutter: Supports public funding for political campaigns.
Ernie Fletcher: Enforce existing campaign finance laws.
Gary Johnson: No limits on corporate or PAC campaign donations.
Jay Nixon: Free TV to candidates who agree to campaign spending limits.
Jeb Bush: No campaign spending limits; no public financing.
Jeff Merkley: Spending limits on campaigns, plus full disclosure.
John Bohlinger: Supports term limits & campaign contribution limits.
John Kitzhaber: Limit individual campaign donations; require full disclosure.
Kenny Guinn: No campaign spending limits; no public campaign funding.
Lee Fisher: Campaign spending limits, but no state funding.
Lois Frankel: Limit campaign contributions and campaign spending.
Mark Takano: Unlimited PAC campaign contributions; with term limits.
Matt Blunt: Limit campaign donations, but no public funding.
Mike Rounds: Limit campaign contributions but not campaign spending.
Newt Gingrich: Increase federal limits on individual campaign contributions.
Paul Sadler: Limit PAC and other contributions to legislative campaigns.
Robert Bentley: No campaign spending limits; no state funding of candidates.
Roger Wicker: Remove limits on campaign financing, but require disclosure.
Tommy Thompson: Limit individual, corporate, & PAC political contributions.
George W. Bush: Term limits for state representatives and governors.
John McCain: Supports multiple restrictions on campaign finance.
John McCain: Supports term limits on Congress.
Rick Lazio: Term limits: 12 years for Senate & House.
Bill Richardson: Prohibit PAC contributions; restrict campaign spending.
Bill Richardson: Supports line-item veto.
Bill Schuette: Supports term limits and campaign finance disclosure.
Bob Schaffer: Increase federal limits on individual contributions.
Brian Schatz: Partial state funding for state level political campaigns.
Dino Rossi: No campaign spending limits; but full & timely disclosure.
Gary King: Spending limits on political campaigns, & state funding.
Larry Pressler: Ban out-of-state contributions.
Nick Lampson: Spending limits on congressional campaigns.
Nick Lampson: Supports Line Item Veto.
Roy Cooper: Limit campaign contributions from PACs and corporations.
Steve Beshear: Campaign spending limits with reduced TV rates.
Steve Sisolak: Limit campaign donations, but oppose partial state funding.
Steve Sisolak: Term limits for governor & all state reps.
Ted Strickland: Voluntary spending limits with free access to media.
Ted Strickland: Supports line item veto.
Wayne Stenehjem: Limit corporate campaign contributions, but not PACs.
Alan Keyes: Campaign reform: No $ limits; full disclosure.
Bob Smith: Supports Line Item Veto.
Bob Smith: Term limits of 12 years for Senate & Congress.
Lamar Alexander: Campaign Finance: fewer restrictions & fuller disclosure.
Mark Warner: Supports line-item veto.
Harry Browne: Eliminate almost all Departments and agencies.
Harry Browne: Repeal all campaign finance laws, they favor incumbents.
Harry Browne: Supports term limits on House (6 yrs) & Senate (12 yrs).
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Limit PAC campaign contributions.
Charlie Crist: Repeal gun restrictions; allow concealed carry.
Charlie Wilson: Require child-safety locks.
Ed Perlmutter: Ban semi- automatics; require child-safety locks.
Jay Nixon: Ban semi-automatic weapons; require child-safety locks.
Jeff Merkley: Maintain restrictions on purchase & possession of firearms.
John Kitzhaber: Increase restrictions on gun purchase and possession.
Kenny Guinn: Allow concealed carry.
Lee Fisher: Waiting periods; child safety locks; other restrictions ok.
Mark Takano: National ban on sale of assault weapons.
Matt Blunt: Repeal restrictions on purchase & possession of firearms.
Paul Sadler: Maintain existing restrictions on firearms.
Barack Obama: Ban semi-automatics, and more possession restrictions.
George W. Bush: Ban machine guns; maintain existing gun restrictions.
Jeb Bush: Concealed carry OK; supports instant background check.
John McCain: Repeal existing gun restrictions; penalize criminal use.
Rick Lazio: Ban assault weapons; maintain federal gun restrictions.
Bev Perdue: Allow concealed carry.
Bob Schaffer: Adhere to second amendment.
Dean Barkley: Registration & restrictions ok, but allow concealed carry.
Dino Rossi: Allow carrying concealed firearms.
Gary King: Keep existing gun restrictions; allow concealed carry.
John Kasich: Keep existing restrictions, but tighten up on terrorist guns.
Larry Pressler: Concealed carry ok; repeal all bans on legal guns.
Ron Paul: Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms.
Ron Paul: Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms.
Roy Cooper: Allow concealed carry; but also maintain gun restrictions.
Steve Beshear: Maintain gun registration and gun restrictions.
Steve Sisolak: Supports concealed carry.
Ted Strickland: Repeal restrictions on law-abiding citizens owning firearms.
Alan Keyes: No bans on legal firearms; allow concealed carry.
Bob Smith: Ease ownership, registration, & concealed-carry laws.
Nancy Farmer: Supports assault weapon ban and other restrictions.
Harry Browne: Repeal all gun laws; Bill of Rights is “literal”.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Ban assault weapons & handgun sales to minors.
Catherine Hanaway: Supports tort reform; oppose state-run healthcare.
Charlie Crist: Expand tax-free medical savings accounts.
Colin Bonini: Supports healthcare tax incentives & tort reform.
Colin Bonini: Supports tort reform to limit medical malpractice damages.
Ernie Fletcher: Supports tax-free medical savings accounts.
Jeb Bush: No physician-assisted suicide.
John Bohlinger: Ensure healthcare for uninsured children.
Mike Rounds: Healthcare to all citizens isn’t government’s responsibility.
Roger Wicker: Expand tax-free medical savings accounts.
Saxby Chambliss: Expand tax-free medical savings accounts.
Barack Obama: Ensure access to basic care.
George W. Bush: More managed care; more tax incentives; no state guarantees.
George W. Bush: Lower care costs; reform taxes; limit lawsuits.
John McCain: Supports patient rights; regulate nicotine as a drug.
Rick Lazio: Focus on prevention; patient rights; more coverage options.
Tom Ridge: Guaranteed medical care is not a government responsibility.
Bill Richardson: Supports managed competition & medical savings accounts.
Bob Schaffer: Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts.
Dean Barkley: Supports medical savings accounts & managed competition.
Gary King: State funds for pre-natal care, basic care, and managed care.
Kate Brown: Fund care for infants; disabled; seniors; & Oregon citizens.
Pat Roberts: Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts.
Steve Beshear: Support managed competition & healthcare tax incentives.
Alan Keyes: For tax-free medical savings accounts.
Bob Smith: Health-care vouchers; tax incentives; limit med.mal.
Nancy Farmer: Citizens have access to basic health care.
Harry Browne: Abolish FDA; get govt out of health care.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Women's health care concerns have been underfunded.
Saxby Chambliss: More military pay; more training; more new weapons.
John McCain: List of defense-related spending priorities.
Bill Richardson: Eliminate funding for SDI.
Bob Schaffer: More enforcement at borders and anti-terrorism.
Dean Barkley: Allow FBI to investigate domestic groups for terrorism.
John Kasich: Limit federal agencies investigating suspected terrorists.
Nick Lampson: Broader authority for FBI and INS for terrorism.
Steve Beshear: Relax wiretapping restrictions.
Harry Browne: De-fund CIA; decrease R&D for new weapons.
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Cut defense spending; support defense conversion.
Ernie Fletcher: Establish English as the official language.
Jay Nixon: Prohibit banning human services to illegal immigrants.
Barack Obama: Extend welfare and Medicaid to immigrants.
Carol Moseley-Braun: More federal aid and services for immigrants.
John McCain: More help for legal immigrants when immigrating & once here.
Rick Lazio: More aid for immigrants; more high-tech immigrant visas.
Jim Bunning: Decrease immigration; make English official.
Michael Crapo: Make English the official language.
Bill Richardson: Reduce immigration; no automatic citizenship for kids.
Bill Richardson: Guarantee human services to illegal immigrants.
Dean Barkley: Extra federal aid for immigrants’ social services.
John Kasich: Limit the number of legal immigrants, and their benefits.
Larry Pressler: Support official English; oppose illegal alien benefits.
Nick Lampson: Illegal immigrants should not receive any social services.
Steve Beshear: More deportations; more border enforcement.
Steve Stockman: Supports official English; opposes birthright citizenship.
Alan Keyes: Expand legal immigration; curtail illegal immigration.
Bob Smith: Fewer immigrants; less aid; Offical English.
Lamar Alexander: Enforce against illegal immigrants; appreciate legal ones.
Mark Warner: Limit social payments to immigrants; support English.
Harry Browne: Maintain open borders; end war on immigration.
Harry Browne: Ease immigration laws; no Official English.
Jack Reed: Voted for 1996 Immigration Reform bill.
Tim Johnson: For official English; against illegal immigrant citizenship.
Colin Bonini: No affirmative action in state employment nor contracts.
George W. Bush: Tax breaks, child care & bus fare for working recipients.
Brian Babin: Opposes affirmative action programs.
Bob Smith: Fund public works & job training for unemployed.
Bob Smith: Raise grazing & mining fees; more cost-benefit analysis.
Mark Warner: Increase minimum wage; support homeless job training.
Kenny Guinn: No high-level nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain.
Kenny Guinn: No state income tax; no casino tax.
Principles & Values|
George W. Bush: Diminish role of govt as communities & churches take over.
Jeb Bush: Priorities: public education & public safety.
John McCain: Priorities:Simplify taxes;restore schools;reform campaigns.
Alan Keyes: #1: Restore the moral foundations of family life.
Bob Smith: Moral rebirth begins with tax policies that help families.
Bob Smith: Priorities: pay down debt; keep criminals in jail.
Dennis Kucinich: Long list of legislative priorities in Congress.
Harry Browne: Washington cannot be a source of moral leadership.
Harry Browne: To improve values, govt out of education & drug enforcement.
Charlie Crist: Invest budget surplus into Trust Fund.
John McCain: Put surplus into Trust Fund; fulfill promised benefits.
Rick Lazio: Invest Social Security funds; privately or via Trust Fund.
Evan Bayh: Private self-managed accounts OK.
Jim Bunning: Private self-managed accounts OK.
Michael Crapo: Privatized government-managed accounts OK.
Angus King: Decrease income taxes, but no flat tax.
Catherine Hanaway: Decrease income taxes & corporate taxes; support flat tax.
Charlie Crist: Replace income tax with a flat tax or national sales tax.
Charlie Wilson: Supports progressive state income tax.
Colin Bonini: Decrease corporate taxes and income taxes.
Ed Perlmutter: Supports progressive state income tax.
Jeff Merkley: No state sales tax.
John Bohlinger: Replace property taxes with a 4% retail sales tax.
John Kitzhaber: No state sales tax; no flat tax; increase gas tax.
Mark Schauer: Decrease corporate tax; support individual flat tax.
Paul Sadler: No state sales tax; decrease property tax.
Robert Bentley: Supports flat tax structure for state income taxes.
John McCain: More tax-deductible health costs; limits on malpractice.
John McCain: Decrease taxes across-the-board; maintain deductions.
John McCain: For flat tax; against nat’l sales tax & marriage penalty.
Brian Schatz: No state flat tax; increase sin tax & decrease sales tax.
Rick Weiland: Lower taxes on poor; higher taxes on wealthy.
Bob Smith: Flat tax ok, consumption tax not.
Nancy Farmer: Opposes flat-tax structure and majority vote on taxes.
Harry Browne: Repeal taxes and don’t replace with sales tax nor flat tax.
Mark Warner: Invest broadcast spectrum receipts into school Internet.
Tim Johnson: Supports V-Chip & Internet porn & gambling bans.
War & Peace|
Rick Lazio: Supports military action against Iraq.
Rick Lazio: Keep army in Bosnia; with a deadline.
Mark Warner: Supports deployment of US troops to the former Yugoslavia.
Harry Browne: Under no conditions should US be in former Yugoslavia.
Welfare & Poverty|
Catherine Hanaway: Limit welfare benefits when recipients have more kids.
Gary Johnson: Re-negotiate gambling compacts with Native Americans.
Jeff Merkley: Supports workfare and 2-year welfare limits.
Lee Fisher: Fund state social programs for teens; pre-K; at-risk youth.
Lois Frankel: Training, transport, and childcare for welfare recipients.
Mark Takano: 2-year limit on welfare benefits.
Jeb Bush: Limit welfare benefits; supports welfare-to-work.
Jeb Bush: Help welfare recipients into workforce.
John McCain: Use tax code to address unemployment & working conditions.
John McCain: More housing assistance; tax breaks against homelessness.
John McCain: Pro-block grants; pro-welfare-to-work.
Rick Lazio: Tax incentives & vouchers to reduce homelessness.
Rick Lazio: Continue welfare-to-work & block grants.
Evan Bayh: Supports welfare-to-work & block grants.
Jim Bunning: Supports welfare-to-work & block grants.
Michael Crapo: Supports welfare-to-work & block grants.
Jim McGreevey: Require unwed mothers to live at home to receive welfare.
Jim McGreevey: Require work to receive welfare.
Bill Richardson: Increase tax deduction for charities.
Dean Barkley: Give private charities vouchers for welfare recipients.
Rodney Davis: Advocate privately funded assistance to people in need.
Sam Brownback: Two-year limit on welfare benefits.
Sam Brownback: Fund welfare via block grants to states.
Bob Smith: Apartment vouchers for homeless; more charity deductions.
Bob Smith: Funds for hiring homeless; more enterprise zones.
Dennis Kucinich: Work not welfare for those able to work.
Mark Warner: Housing vouchers & tax incentives against homelessness.
Mark Warner: Require work to receive welfare benefits.
Harry Browne: End welfare completely; no entitlements to others’ earnings.
Harry Browne: War on Poverty & rent control cause poverty & homelessness.
Harry Browne: Supports enterprise zones; eliminate govt regulations.
Harry Browne: End welfare; return to private compassion & charity.
Jack Reed: Supports workfare; child support; programs for needy.
Tim Johnson: Put all welfare recipients to work.
The above quotations are from 1994, 1996, 1997, and 1998 National Political Awareness Test, by Project Vote Smart.
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